The concept of Islamic Sculpture in India has evolved from following the paradigms of both Persian and the Ancient Hindu Art Sculpture. If you look at the history, it started with the invasion of the Muslim and the emergence of the Delhi Sultanates that the Islamic sculpture and architecture came into picture.
History of Islamic Sculpture
A lot of Muslims derive their aesthetic sense and style by synthesizing the arts from other cultures like the Byzantines, the Copts, the Romans, and the Sassanid. The 8th century desert place Kharbat al-Majjur has disclosed a variety of wealth of carved as well as molded decoration, a lot of sculptured stone and figural fresco paintings.
A lot of Islamic Art are 19th century categories which are given by several art historians and critics to the art form. These art are created by the Islamic people who live mainly in the Arabian Peninsula.
Islamic Art also comprises of great architecture, calligraphy, a lot of glass, ceramics, paintings and a variety of sources. Several Islamic countries were sources of trade and were on several trade routes.
Islamic Art origins and significance
The History of Islamic expansion is quite intricate and a complicated subject of its own. The era of Islamic art is very hard to differentiate from existing cultures right from the birth of Islam.
Oriental carpentry are known all over the world. They are also known to be one of the greatest achievements of Islamic Art. They are usually form of religious practices of Muslims, and also present in the homes of people of other religion.
“For hundreds of years, Iranians have been migrating to many parts of the world. They took Islamic culture to other parts of the world and establish it there.
- Mahmoud Ahmadinejad
Tiles and Mosaics
Islamic artistry which is used in architecture is not just known for domed ceiling as well as great works like the Dome of the Taj Mahal, but for the rich mosaics and title work within them. Mosaic and title art were heavily influenced by the mosaics of the Byzantine period.
“There are two kinds of people in the world. Those who have seen the Taj Mahal and love it and those who have not seen the Taj and love it.” William J. Clinton.
Few tiles are sculpted to depict lettering, animals as well as human figures. These are a part of a cohesive holistic design which includes other tiles shapes as stars which is used as a technique.
Painting and Illumination
Miniature paintings as well as illuminated manuscripts which were among the highest achievements in the field of visual arts with all Islamic nations.
“The philosophical connection between the Islamic world and the West is much closer than I thought. Doubt did not begin with Descartes. We have this construct today that the West and Islam are entirely separate worlds. This is wrong.”
- Tariq Ramadan
Islamic Art Key Highlights
· Even though this art is referred to as Islamic, the inclusion of secular elements and their forbiddance by Islamic clergy is a testament to this not actually being a religious art movement.
· Calligraphers were the most cherished artists and were higher in the social strata than other types of artists.
· The Hadiths forbade drinking or eating from vessels forged in gold or silver and also forbade the wearing of gold rings.
Miniatures were often collected in albums. Scenes of picnics, animals, idealized male and female figures or portraits featured prominently